Mechanically Alloyed Metals

H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia


Mechanical alloying involves the severe deformation of mixtures of powders until they form the most intimate of atomic solutions. Inert oxides can also be introduced to form a uniform dispersion of fine particles which strengthen the consolidated product. Large quantities of iron and nickel--base alloys with unusual properties are produced commercially using this process. The theory describing the way in which the powders evolve into a solution is reviewed. There are some fundamental constraints which dictate how the microstructure must change during mechanical alloying for the process to be at all viable. The strange recrystallisation behaviour of the alloys can be understood if it is assumed that unlike normal metals, the grains in the mechanically alloyed sample are not topologically independent. Another topic discussed is the mechanical blending of microstructures containing different phases, both with and without a net reduction in free energy.

Materials Science and Technology, Vol. 16, 2000, 1404-1411.

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