Characteristics of High-Power Diode-Laser Welds for Industrial Assembly

C.A. Walsh, H.K.D.H. Bhadeshia, A. Lau, B. Matthias, R. Oesterlein, and J. Drechsel


Recent progress in available beam power and beam quality has meant that high power diode lasers (HPDL) may soon become prime tools for welding in many assembly applications in industrial production. Their compact size and low weight makes them particularly suitable for use in conjunction with robotic control. The advantages of laser welding over conventional welding techniques include more reproducible welds, smaller heat affected zones and lower distortion at high welding speeds. The implementation of diode laser systems will require an understanding of the effect of operating parameters on weld performance. This paper reports on the characteristics of diode-laser spot and seam welds in low carbon steel sheets. The size, shape, hardness, strength and microstructure of the welds have been measured and analysed as a function of parameters such as laser power, welding time and welding speed.


Also published in Proceedings of the 20th ICALEO 2001, , Vols. 92 and 93, (2001), pp. 1321-1330.

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