Sensitisation and Evolution of Chromium-depleted Zones in Fe-Cr-Ni-C systems

T. Sourmail, C. Too and H.K.D.H. Bhadeshia


The development of chromium concentration profiles in austenitic stainless steels, due to the grain boundary precipitation of carbides has been modelled, taking account of multicomponent effects, both in the estimation of the state of equilibrium at the carbide/matrix interface and in diffusion. A comparison against published experimental data shows that the theory accounts for the development of the depleted zone as well as self-healing, unlike recent work where these effects are treated as separate phenomena. At the same time, the present model preserves local equilibrium at the precipitate-matrix interface and provides a natural explanation for the observation of delays in reaching the minimum chromium content.

ISIJ International, (2003) 1814-1820..

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M.Phil. thesis on the subject of this paper

M.Phil. thesis on the subject of this paper

Ph.D. thesis covering some of the theory used.

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