Friction Stir Welding of Mild Steel - Tool Durability and Steel Microstructure

A. De, H.K.D.H. Bhadeshia and T. DebRoy


In previous work, we have established a scheme that exploits a three-dimensional heat and mass flow model to assess tool durability and define the domains of satisfactory tool life in the context of welding difficult aluminium alloys. We now apply this scheme to the friction stir welding of steel, and extend the calculations to cover consequences on the microstructure of the steel while optimizing tool life. This is the first published model that covers both the processing parameters and the consequences on the physical metallurgy of the steel.

Materials Science and Technology 30 (2014) 1050-1056.

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