Refractories for Steelmaking

H. K. D. H. Bhadeshia

Photographs taken at the Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

It would no be possible to make steel without these ceramics

This is a ceramic plug to stop the flow of steel

Alumina and carbon

A visit to the State Key Ceramics Laboratory. This is a gate for pouring steel

Magnesium oxide and carbon

Many people know that steelmaking involves blowing gas from the bottom of the ladle, through molten steel

The lower part is a cross section. The gas enters through thin slits, then through the porous ceramic and bubbles into the steel

The oter side of the gate

Another composite ceramic

This is insulating ceramic

Different kind of insulating ceramic

Shows the development of earing in deep-drawn steel due to anisotropic properties

TRIP steels Titanium Bainite Martensite Widmanstätten ferrite
Cast iron Welding Allotriomorphic ferrite Movies Slides
Neural Networks Creep Mechanicallly Alloyed Theses Retained Austenite

PT Group Home Materials Algorithms